Project scheduling, or construction planning, is an extensively researched field which has been developed to manage construction projects efficiently. The streamlining of construction timeliness to allow major projects to be completed in condensed time is the ideal goal of project scheduling. The potential positive impact that construction planning could have on the environment is not widely circulated by the mainstream media. By using project scheduling principles extensively in major projects, both international companies and major government departments, have been able to complete major projects by deadline, thereby increasing profit margins and meeting tighter budgets in the current economical market.
The concepts behind construction scheduling are relatively easily understood by the uninitiated to the subject, as it is expansion on common sense, but extrapolated to become a balanced science. Previous studies on project scheduling highlighted weaknesses in the concept, and these hypothesis have been further developed and applied in the real world environment, and consequently adapted.
In order to accomplish optimum outcomes, a simplistic view of construction planing needs to be avoided. Modern project scheduling concepts of reactive scheduling need to be incorporated in order to overcome unforeseen variables, with timelines consequently adjustable. By integrating reactive scheduling into the planning stage and allowing multiple stakeholders to be allowed involvement in the planning stage, a more complete and dynamic plan can be assimilated.
Major construction projects can have a major effect on the environment in surrounding areas, as the increase of human presence and disturbance of the environment can have unpredicted effects on the surrounding eco-system. The introduction of heavy machinery and plant can cause irritation and confusion to the native fauna in the surrounding area. By reducing the time that the labour force is actively involved in the disturbance of the surrounding environment, the construction project can be completed with both decreased labour costs and decreased effect on the environment.
Project scheduling has historically only been useful in major projects where the budgets are substantial enough to utilise techniques to maximise profits. Minor projects with minimal resources have previously not benefitted from the principles involved in construction planning, as the profit margin is not as variable as in major projects.
With changing viewpoints of the effect of both major and minor construction on the environment, project scheduling is also adapting. If the goal is to decrease time of the project, not for the betterment of profit, but the decrease of impact on the environmental surroundings, the principles can stay the same but the motive need only be changed. Profits will continue to be improved, but the environmental benefits can also be promoted to both shareholder, and those involved in the projects. This contemporary viewpoint of project scheduling can also be transferred to small companies and entities that previously did not have the financial ability to utilise project scheduling principles. The increase of value on environmental sustainability may prove the motive for the initiation of construction scheduling principle, both classic and contemporary, by companies small and large as further benefit to shareholders and individuals.